Origin and Purpose
Coat and Colour
Origin and Purpose: The Vizsla
(pronounced as if spelled VIZH-LA) is of Hungarian origin, where various records
indicate its history as going back many centuries. It was the companion hunting
dog of the early warlords and landed aristocracy who used it for general-purpose
hunting. It was known in Hungary as the "Yellow" Pointer. In North
America it is used primarily as an upland bird dog, where its excellent scenting
and retrieving characteristics have been widely acclaimed. It is a strong
swimmer and also retrieves well from water.
General Appearance: The Vizsla is a
short-haired, medium-sized sporting dog. It conveys the impression of an alert,
muscular, well-balanced animal with a distinctive and aristocratic appearance.
Temperament: The Vizsla is intelligent, calm,
obedient, and easy to train. It is a sensitive dog which becomes attached to its
owner and develops a strong but not overly aggressive protective instinct. In
the field, the Vizsla is an eager, happy hunter which is at home on land and in
Size: The standard size, measured at the withers, for
the Vizsla is 23 in. (58 cm) for males and 22 in. (56 cm.) for females. A dog of
good bone and substance in this size range shall weight from 50-65 lb. (22 - 29
kg). A bitch weighs about 10 lb. (5 kg) less. The length to height ratio should
be approximately 1:1.
Coat and Colour: The hair of the Vizsla
should be short and dense and lie close to the skin. Each hair should be thick
and elastic and the coat should have a glossy sheen.
The correct colour is a golden-rust, sometimes described as the golden colour
of a bread crust. In some strains slightly lighter or darker shades may
predominate. A white mark on the chest under 2 in. (5 cm) is permissible but not
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Head: Skull should convey an impression
of being lean and muscular, with a median line down the forehead. The topline of
the skull should be straight. The skull tends to be comparatively narrow in
relation to its length, with that of the male being slightly wider. The occiput
is slightly visible. The stop should be slight and sloping rather than abrupt. Muzzle:
the muzzle should be approximately the same length as the skull. It should be
narrow, end squarely, and have clean straight lines. Mouth: the
jaws should be strong, and well-developed teeth meeting in a scissors or even
bite. The lips should be smooth and well developed and cover the teeth tightly.
The lips extend in a level line � of the length of the muzzle. Eyes:
they should be almond shaped, bright and intelligent in appearance. The colour
is in harmony with or darker than the colour of the coat; they should be
moderately deep set. The eyelids close neatly and cleanly with no overlap. The
nictitating membrane should not be overly exposed. Ears: the ears
should be thin, silky and moderately tapered with rounded ends. They should just
meet under the jaw, or reach to the corner of the mouth, but should not extend
as far as the canine teeth. They should be set about � inch (1 cm) below the
level of the skull and hang close to the cheeks.
Neck: The neck should be of medium length in proportion to the body, it
must be well muscled, with a definite arch at the nape and widened to blend
smoothly into the forequarters. The skin of the neck should be smooth and tight.
Forequarters: Shoulders: the shoulder blade should be of medium length
and must be tightly held in place. The angle formed by the shoulder blade
(scapula) and the humerus should be approximately 90 degrees. The musculature
should be firm, smooth and clearly defined. Upper-arm (humerus): the bone
structure should be heavy, smooth and well covered by strong firm muscles. The
skin should be firm, pliable and smooth. The upper-arm should be equal in length
to the shoulder blade (scapula). Lower-arm (radius and ulna): strong big bones
with good muscles. The legs should be straight whether viewed from the front or
side. The angle at the elbow joint should be approximately 135 degrees.
Pasterns: the angle that the pastern makes with the lower leg should be nearly
straight (about 175 - 180 degrees). Paws: the paws should be cat-like with
tightly closed toes and big rough pads. The feet should be webbed. The nails
should be short, firm and well curved, and their colour similar to that of the
eyes, nose, and coat. Dewclaws should be removed.
Body: Topline: the topline should be broad and smooth and is slightly
arched over the loin and croup to the base of the tail; there is a slight
depression at the juncture of the withers and the back. Chest: the chest should
be deep, reaching down to the elbows and moderately broad. A cross-section of
the chest is oval with well spring ribs, narrowing between the elbows to permit
free and easy leg movement. Width of the chest between the forelegs is at least
6 in. (15 cm) for a male and 5 in. (13 cm) for a bitch. Loin: it should be
broad, strong and well muscled. Croup: it should be heavily muscled and smoothly
rounded to the base of the tail. Abdomen: the abdomen should be trim and neat
with a moderate tuck-up.
Hindquarters: Hip bone (pelvis): this is the framework which forms the
basic support for the hind legs. These pelvic bones should be wide and strong.
The musculature attaching to these bones should be very well developed and gives
strength to the hindquarters. Upper thigh (femur): this bone should be heavy,
straight, round, and smooth. Muscle attachments should be very powerful, broad,
and evenly distributed. The angle at the hip joint should be 90 degrees. Lower
thigh (tibia and fibula) should be well muscled. These bones should be longer
than the femur. The angle at the stifle joint should be 110-120 degrees. Hocks:
the angle at the hock joint should be from 125 - 130 degrees. Paws: same as the
Tail: The tail-set is lower than on the other continental pointing
breeds. In motion it is carried outstretched, at or above the horizontal level.
A portion is docked, approximately
so that the tip of the shortened tail is level with the juncture of the upper
and lower thigh. It should be thicker at the base than at the tip.
Gait: Viewed from the front, the dog's legs should appear to swing
forward in a free and easy manner, with no tendency for the feet to cross over
or swing wide. Viewed from the rear the gait should be true-tracking. The
topline is level when dog is in motion, while the head is carried high and the
tail "flags" constantly at the proper level.
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1. Very nervous dogs should be heavily penalized.
2. Very dark or very light colour coat.
3. Hare feet.
4. Light yellow, green, blue or "Pop" eyes.
6. Dogs 10 lb. (5 kg) over or under the standard weight.
7. Dewclaws not removed.
8. Roached, hollow or camel backs.
9. Too steep a croup.
10. Undershot or overshot bites.
1. A dog 2 in. (5 cm) or more over or under the standard
2. White markings over 2 in. (5 cm) on the chest or white markings anywhere else other
than the chest.
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